If a person has undergone brain surgery or suffered a stroke, you cannot expect him to be his usual self. Inevitably, there will be some changes in the way he speaks, thinks, moves, and acts. That is the natural result of his brain being affected by a wounding experience.
The Need for Cognitive Retraining
If a patient is to return to his usual self after his operation or stroke, he needs to undergo cognitive retraining.
This procedure is a therapeutic technique that is designed to restore or improve the patient’s ability to pay attention, organize, remember, understand and reason. It also helps in enhancing the person’s skills in decision-making, problem-solving and higher levels of cognitive abilities.
Since all these skills are interrelated, cognitive testing is considered as a vital tool in a person’s recovery. This type of retraining is just one element of cognitive rehabilitation. It is a vital part of a comprehensive approach to restoring important mental skills after a debilitating stroke or a brain injury.
Why is it Important?
Every person needs to be able to use his mental functions fully. However, due to brain injury, stroke, long term drug or alcohol abuse or brain surgery, the patient’s brain functions are adversely affected. His cognitive abilities are diminished.
This is where cognitive retraining comes in. It is designed to mitigate cognitive problems related to mental disorders, brain injury, and aging. The overall objective of cognitive therapy or training is to reduce the cognitive problems experienced by the patient every day and thus improve his quality of life.
Types of Cognitive Retraining
There are seven types of cognitive retraining:
- Executive skills retraining: This part of the retraining teaches the patient to monitor himself and control his thinking and his actions. He will also be encouraged to think in advance, make objectives and manage his time, use his skills in new situations and act responsibly and civilly in social situations.